Is the Bible Sexist and Racist? Part 4 – Sexism

Though Paul is often accused of being misogynistic, we find that he carried over a similar view of women from Jesus, declaring that there is neither male nor female in Christ.

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I have been exploring an answer to the question: whether the Bible is sexist and racist. The discussion was introduced in Part 1, sexism was tackled in Part 2 by looking at the sweeping theme of the Bible in dealing with men and woman, and an overarching view of what the Bible has to say about racism was addressed in Part 3. In both cases, I started at the beginning, where the Bible expresses poetic form God’s ideals and purposes in creating humankind.

Regarding sexism, Genesis provides a glimpse into God’s motivations, intentions and purposes for men and women. God created an idyllic habitation for men and women to live in harmony with Him and nature, but He allowed people to have free will. In fact, it was part of the plan.

Free will introduced the possibility that people would choose their own values over God’s values and go their own ways. We are told Adam and Eve, the first people (or representative people) did choose their own way, and that choice introduced sin into the world.

Sin means “to miss the mark”. The “mark” would include, among other things, God’s values. People have chosen their own values over God’s values, and the result is that we live in a world in which God’s values are distorted from what He intended. But what are God’s values?

God created men and women as counterparts who, together, reflect the image of God. Neither one is valued higher than the other. We see that God intended them to be fruitful and multiply, to diversify, and not to hunker down in one place with one language in a homogeneous civilization. God wanted diversity.

These are the overarching themes of the Bible. We see them in the penultimate vision of heaven that John describes in Revelation 7:7-9.

The Old Testament is largely the story of how God chose one people through whom He intended to bless all the nations of the world, but His chosen people continually chose to go their own way. They largely did not reflect God’s values in the way they lived.

The Church, today, is not much different in its failure to reflect God’s values in they way they live. Paul says, though every man may be a liar, still God is true. (Romans 3:4)  We can’t judge God’s values by what we see people doing – even church people.

In fact, only one person in history, we are told, truly reflected all that God is – Jesus. Jesus was “the image of the invisible God” (Colossians 1:15) and the “exact representation of His nature”. (Hebrews 1:3) Jesus said, “Whoever has seen me has seen the Father.” (John 14:9)  In this segment, therefore, we will look at what Jesus said and did that can be applied to the subject of sexism.

Of the way Jesus treated women, there is much material – too much to address well in this short blog. So I will summarize and link to other resources. But, first, we need to understand 1st Century Palestinian culture.

Women were second class citizens in the 1st Century, and Palestinian Hebrew women were among the poorest in the Roman world.[1] They could not divorce their husbands, but could be divorced for very little reason. Divorce left women impoverished in a patriarchal society.

First Century Palestine was governed by the Romans who regarded women as second class citizens who live at the pleasure and mercy of elite men.[2] Roman women received only basic education; they were under the authority of their fathers, and then their husbands; they did not even having authority over their own children. Wealthy women attained some degree of independence, but they still could not vote and had no role in public life.

In this environment, Jesus treated women noticeably differently than the culture. He treated women with honor, value, dignity and respect.[3] We see this in the way he addressed the Samaritan women at the well (John 4:1-43), and they way he treated the woman caught in adultery. (John 8:1-11) He treated them with tenderness and forgiveness while the world around them was harsh, condemning, and opportunistic.

But, Jesus was much more of a radical in his day than that. Jesus spent time talking with women to the surprise of His own followers. (John 4:27) He healed women who were ritually unclean (Mk. 5:25-34), and He even healed women who were Gentiles (Mk. 7:24-30) and known to be sinners (Lk. 7:36-50).

Jesus befriended women, like Mary and Martha, and welcomed them to spend time with him rather than doing chores. (Luke 10:38-42) Not insignificantly, Jesus had followers who were women, and those women were called disciples. (Luke 8:1-3)

[This just scratches the surface. There is much more to be said.[4] Take some time to read some of the linked material to begin to get an idea just how radical Jesus was in His treatment of women, and how “far ahead of his time” he was.]

Before finishing, though, I want to quote Paul who is often accused of being misogynistic,. In Paul’s words, we find that he adopted a similarly radical view of women as Jesus, as noted below:

“Remarkably Paul designates a number of women as ‘co-workers,’ ‘ministers,’ and ‘apostles.’ Phoebe, Euodia, Syntyche, Apphia, Priscilla (…Prisca), and Junia exercise leadership locally and serve as traveling missionaries.  These women assist Paul in a variety of ways. The more affluent serve as benefactors, providing lodging, hospitality, and opening their homes to gatherings of the local churches.  Women gifted otherwise are involved in ministries of preaching and teaching.”[5]

Paul is unfairly accused of perpetuating sexist views of women, when he was actually as counter-cultural in his time as Jesus. Paul is the one who said, in no uncertain terms, “there is no male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus.” (Galatians 3:28)

The way Jesus treated women was counter-cultural, radical and revolutionary in the 1st Century, but it was really just a demonstration of the way God always intended women to be treated and valued for their intrinsic worth dating back to Genesis, which we explored in Part 2 of this series. God’s image is reflected in the combination of men and woman, but, ultimately, there is neither male nor female in Christ. We are all one, made in the image of God, loved and valued by Him equally.

Having addressed sexism from the perspective of Jesus, we will, finally, look at how Jesus viewed race in Part 5, the final segment of this series on whether the Bible is sexist and racist.


[1] From Women in Palestinian Judaism published at

[2] From Women published in The Roman Empire in the First Century at

[3] See Jesus Gives Women Honor, Value, Dignity and Respect published in Nov. 2, 2014

[4] See for instance, Christianity: The Best Thing That Ever Happened to Women, by Sue Bohlin published by Probe Ministries at March 16, 2010; How Jesus Viewed and Valued Women by James A. Borland, published at March 8, 2017; Our Pro-Woman, Complementarian Jesus by Kevin DeYoung, published at February 15, 2016; and Women and the Resurrection Story.

[5] From Paul’s Co-Workers published in A Word in Edgewise: Thoughts on Faith and Culture by David B. Capes. (See also Paul’s Helpers by Mary Elizabeth Baxter published at mentioning also Phebe, Priscilla & Aquilla, Tryphena and Tryphosa, Julia, Nereus and others.)

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