Who Wrote the Gospels?

The Bible is ubiquitous in our society. More people have an opinion on the Bible than people who have read it, or at least much of it. The text was written over 1500 years by about 40 different people. As a literary text, I was struck when I first read it (for a class in college) by how complex, yet harmonious the Bible is. There was an internal authenticity that spoke to me.

While our society tends to view the Bible as just another book, a piece of our history and common culture, something that people tend to like (the most read book), but nothing to be taken terribly seriously, people of faith view it as the Word of God, sent from heaven, revelation of God’s kingdom and design for mankind. Few people really study the Bible in-depth and detail from an “objective” view. Maybe no one does. We come to it with our preconceived notions, and we look for support for what we already believe is true.

I have a great deal of doubt in the human ability to be objective. Scientists who live by the scientific method, in my opinion, can be as guilty as the common man, but that is the subject of another discussion.

At the same time, there are stories of people who set out to disprove the Bible who come to believe it is true. Many of them in fact. I did not approach the Bible initially like that; rather I approached it as I approached everything in my life during my search-for-truth-phase: I assumed there was truth in the Bible like there was truth in the Bhagavad gita, the Quran, Khalil Gibran, Aristotle, Plato and all of the philosophers, and Emerson, Shakespeare and all of the great writers. I still believe there is truth to that assumption. Truth is truth no matter where it is found. If truth is attainable and knowable, people from all over the world should have some grasp of it.

As a much older person, I have also come to believe firmly in the human capacity to ignore, overlook and dismiss the truth. There is so much at stake, chiefly our own pride and self-esteem. We commit to principles quickly sometimes, and we hold fast in the face of contrary evidence because we do not want to be wrong, especially once we have invested ourselves in those principles. We have fears and insecurities that we try to cover, and we try to protect ourselves from being exposed. There are probably hundreds of reasons, big and small, that we miss the truth – big truths and little truths. It takes a lot of energy to be on the lookout for truth, and many of us do not have that energy or the time in our fast-paced, busy lives to be that vigilant.

Much has been made about inconsistencies and contradictions in the Bible and lack of archeological and historical evidence. The inconsistencies and contradictions I have checked out are largelty due to to lack of knowledge, misunderstanding or purposeful attempts to miscast the text. Archeological and historical claims are based more on lack of evidence than contradictory evidence. Modern discoveries do more to substantiate the Biblical text than to disprove it. Still, there may be no absolute proof of the veracity of the Biblical text this side of heaven.

As intelligent, or capable of intelligence, we are as human beings, none of us can claim to be all-knowing, all-seeing and to have a corner on the truth of all things – at least none of us can claim it with a straight face or sound mind.

With that said, I have found no reasons not to discount the Bible as the authentic revelation of God in the 30 years since I came to be a believer. In that time, I have found more reasons to accept it.

The video that prompts these musings was a lecture given by Dr. Peter Williams, a Biblical scholar with a Cambridge degree. It is a fascinating analysis and worth the hour of your time to listen. The video boasts new evidence of the authenticity of the Gospels. It really isn’t new evidence; it is a different analysis – one that has not been made before. It is an analysis based on the text itself, and the names and places referenced. I find it as fascinating as the awakening I felt when I began to see how cohesively and harmoniously the many “books” of the canonized Bible held together in spite of being written by so many people over such a long period of time, and more importantly, considering the fact that they appeared so diverse and disparate at first blush.

Of particular interest to me are the observations made by Dr. Williams in comparing the names and places referenced in the four canonical Gospels to the apocryphal and pseudo apocryphal gospels. Much discussion and debate has swirled around the fact that four Gospels were chosen to be canonized, when other writings claiming to be similarly inspired were rejected. I have since learned that the debate began about the 400’s (Augustine and Faustus). That was a long time ago, but it was almost 400 years after the death of Christ! – Think about that: 400 years ago The early settlers of the New World were just ariving! – Before 400 AD or so, there was virtually universal consensus that the Gospels were written within the first generation after Christ’s death by people who lived at the time or followed the people who were there. Even the heretics assumed the authenticity of the authorship; they disagreed on the meaning.

The discussion that began between Augustine and Faustus continues today. The fact that there is any debate at all is reason for some people to pause and to reject the authenticity of Bible as we know it. After so many centuries, it seems an open question, but that was not true for the first several centuries.

The Williams analysis enters the debate from a different angle,  and begins a fresh look at an age old question.

Lecture – Dr Peter Williams – New Evidence – the Gospels were Based on Eyewitness Accounts

Explore posts in the same categories: History, Literature

Tags: , , , , ,

You can comment below, or link to this permanent URL from your own site.

One Comment on “Who Wrote the Gospels?”

  1. […] Who Wrote the Gospels Thoughts inspired by a fascinating study of the names and places referenced in the four canonical Gospels compared to the apocryphal and pseudo apocryphal gospels […]


Comments are welcomed

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: